Wednesday, August 25, 2010
ARTICLE21:SOCIAL SCIENCE THEORIES OF EDUCATION
Education is one of the major institutions that constitute society. There are various various social science theories that relate to education. These are; consensus, conflict, structural functionalist and interactionist theories. Conflict theory deals with the emergence of conflict within a particular human society while consensus is seen as the equilibrium state of society based on a general or widespread agreement among all members of a particular society. The consensus and conflict theories are reflected in the works of certain dominant social theorist such as Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and other social theorist. Structural functionalism is concerned with the functions of schooling in the maintenance of social order. It asserts the society is made up of different institutions or organizations that work together in cooperation to achieve orderly relationship and to maintain social order and social stability. Symbolic interactionist are interested not simply in socialization but in interactions between students and students and between students and teachers. All types of interactions refine our ability to think.